On the Incarnation

On the Incarnation was written by Saint Athanasius with an Introduction by C. S. Lewis translated by John Behr and published in 2011 by St. Vladimir’s Seminary press.

I did not like this book and would not recommend reading it. The introduction by C. S. Lewis was very good but I found the rest of the book to be boring. If you are looking for an old theological book to read I would recommend Confessions by Saint Augustine, on which I also have a review, over this one.


The Last Battle

A couple of weeks ago I read The Last Battle by C. S. Lewis published by Collier Books in 1970.

Lewis writes about the conflict between truth and lies. The animals thought that the fake Aslan was real and they obeyed him. Eventually the truth came out though. The truth always comes out.

Tirian is currently king over Narnia. He is confused about Aslan’s actions but accepts them saying: Aslan is not a tame lion. Eventually he realizes the lie and tries to open the other Narnians eyes.

Jewel is a unicorn. He is Tirian’s best friend. He helps Tirian tell the other Narnians about the fake Aslan.

Eustace and Jill are in this book, too. As are all of the previous characters from Earth with the exception of Susan. I already introduced them in previous reviews though, so if you are interested you can read those.

Puzzle is a donkey. He is a friend/slave to Shift, an evil ape. He is tricked by Shift into putting on the lion skin and pretending to be Aslan. He is repentant though and allowed entrance into Aslan’s country.

This book is set in Narnia. It is a Narnia ruled by the fear of a fake Aslan. The animals are forced to work for the Calormenes and are only allowed to see “Aslan” once at nighttime so that they don’t see that they are being fooled. It is a sad and broken Narnia.

The climax of this book is when the last faithful old Narnians are fighting against the Calormenes. They are fighting against being forced into the stable where they think Tash, the demon god of the Calormenes is held.

I enjoyed this book. I liked that they brought  everyone from previous books back. I would recommend this book if you enjoyed the previous Narnia books.

The Magician’s Nephew

A while ago I read The Magician’s Nephew by C. S. Lewis published by Collier Books in 1970.

Lewis writes about the conflict of conscience and nature. Human nature wants to push buttons, ring bells, and enter doors with Keep Out signs. Our conscience tells us not to do these things. In this book, our conscience eventually wins.

Digory is one of the two main characters in this story. He has come from the country to live with his aunt and uncle so that they can look after his sick mother.

Polly lives right next door to Digory. She quickly becomes friends with the boy. She is more timid than Digory but she goes along with all of his plans.

Uncle Andrew Ketterly is Digory’s uncle. He is a magician and he has a secret study in the old empty house down the street. He uses the children as guinea pigs for one of his magical experiments.

Jadis is the last Queen of Charn. Since Charn is dying, she needs a new world to rule. The children accidentally bring her to earth. When they try to get her back, they end up in Narnia.

The Wood Between the Worlds is not where most of this book is spent but since this book splits its time over three different worlds I feel like this is the setting most worth describing. It is a wood with many little ponds that represent different worlds. If you are wearing the correct ring when you jump into a pond you go to that world. The Wood has a debilitating effect on Jadis and Uncle Andrew.

The climax of this story is when Digory must get the magic apple for Aslan. He struggles with deciding whether to give it to Aslan like he promised or to keep it for himself.

I enjoyed this book. It’s interesting because it doesn’t spend as much time in Narnia as the other books do. Also, the main characters in this book have no connection with the main characters from earlier books. I would recommend this book.


The Horse and His Boy

About a month ago I read The Horse and His Boy by C. S. Lewis published by Collier books in 1970.

Lewis writes about the conflict between nature and nurture. Even though Shasta has been brought up as a Calormene, it is in his nature to act like a Narnian. In this book, nature wins over nurture.

Shasta is one of the four main characters in this book. He is a Narnian boy by birth but he doesn’t know it. His “father” Arsheesh treats him badly. When Shasta learns that his father might sell him he starts to seriously think about running away to Narnia.

Bree is a talking horse of Narnia. He was kidnapped when he was just a foal and he has been a slave to the Calormenes ever since. He and Shasta run away together to Narnia.

Aravis is a Tarkheena in Calormene. She doesn’t care for all the riches and finery though. When a marriage is arranged for her she runs away with Hwin, another talking horse from Narnia.

Hwin is a mild-mannered Narnian. She, like Bree, was also kidnapped by the Calormenes. She was in the service of Aravis’s father when Aravis decided to run away.

This book, like The Silver Chair, takes place mostly while they’re traveling. The main part of this book is spent in Calormen but it’s all different parts of Calormen so I can’t really describe one main spot.

The climax of this book is when Shasta, Aravis, Bree, and Hwin have to get news to the king of Archenland that the Calormenes are invading. A lion injures Aravis, Bree, and Hwin. Shasta has to run the rest of the way to the king’s castle by himself.

I enjoyed this book. It was interesting because even though it was set in the Narnian world, they barely spent any time in Narnia and we didn’t see much of the characters from the previous books. I would recommend this book.


The Silver Chair

After I wrote the review on The Voyage of the Dawn Treader, I decided to write one on The Silver Chair by C. S. Lewis published by Collier Books in 1970.

Lewis again writes about the never-ending conflict between good and evil. He shows that if good is not practiced often enough it will be easy for evil to tempt and ensnare you. He doesn’t just leave it at that though. He then tells that no matter how deep into evil you go with help, you can always get out of it.

Eustace is again a major character in this book . I won’t introduce him though since I spent a paragraph in my last review talking about him.

Jill Pole is a major character who was introduced in this book. She goes to Eustace’s modern school The Experiment House. There she is teased and when Eustace meets her she is crying behind the bleachers. She is not very nice like Eustace was at first  but ,like Eustace, she comes around.

Another important character in this book is Puddleglum. He is a marsh wiggle. He goes on this journey  with Eustace and Jill because the other marsh wiggles are telling him that he is too optimistic and he needs to see that life isn’t as good as he makes it out to be.

The final character I will introduce is Prince Rillian. He is a minor character compared to the rest of them but he is the whole reason this story happened. He disappeared a while ago and now, since his father King Caspian is going on another long sea voyage,one that he might not return from, it is important that Narnia finds the heir. That is the reason Eustace and Jill were called to Narnia.

This book mostly takes place traveling through the lands around and under Narnia. There is no real setting for this story since the characters are always on the move. I would think that the most time spent in one place was under the ruins of the ancient giant city.

The climax of this story is when Jill,Eustace, and Puddleglum are deciding whether or not to untie the Green Lady’s right hand man from the silver chair. Before he had said that whatever you do don’t untie me but now he was saying that this was the only time that he was in his right mind and that he was the prince they had been looking for all this time.

I really liked this book. It shows that even though you can mess up really bad and fall deep into evil there is always a way out. This is one of my favorite Narnia books.

The Voyage of the Dawn Treader

During Christmas break i decided to write about The Voyage of the Dawn Treader by C. S. Lewis published by Collier books in 1970.

Lewis writes about the conflict between the “modern” and the “old” ways. Obviously Lewis believes that the old ways are better and Eustace comes from the exact kind of modern family that Lewis despises. He shows that modern is bad by the way he portrays Eustace. By the end of the book, Eustace has made  complete turnaround.

Lucy and Edmund Penvensie return in this book, this time without their older sister and brother. Since they have been in the two previous books and I introduced them in a previous book review I won’t dwell on them. Instead, I will spend more time talking about the newer characters.

Another returning character was Prince Caspian. He is King Caspian now and in this book he is looking for the seven lords that Miraz had forced to leave when he was king. That was the reason the whole trip was first organized.

Eustace Clarence Scrubb almost deserved his name. He is the Penvensie’s cousin. He gets sucked into Narnia when Lucy and Edmund are visiting. he is a real jerk at first but eventually he comes around.

Reepicheep is a talking mouse of Narnia. In the previous book he had a very small part but he returns for a much bigger part in this book. He and Eustace don’t get along very well in the first part of this book but later, they become friends. The reason Repicheep is on the Dawn Treader is because of a prophecy that was said over him when he was a baby. it said that Repicheep would someday go to Aslan’s Country.

This book takes place mostly on the Dawn Treader. It’s King Caspian’s ship. The parts of the book that are not spent on the ship are spent on the islands in between Narnia and Aslan’s country.

The climax of this book is when King Caspian wants to go on to Aslan’s country but is prevented. he gets angry but he eventually realizes that it’s not his place to go on. He’s meant to go back to Narnia and be king there.

I enjoyed this book as I have enjoyed all the rest of the Narnia books. This one was good because it is the first one that hasn’t taken place in Narnia. It was also interesting seeing a new character from Earth who hasn’t been to Narnia before interacting with the people who have been to Narnia before. I would recommend this book.

Prince Caspian

After I read The Lion, the Witch, and the Wardrobe, I decided to read Prince Caspian by C. S. Lewis, published by Collier Books in 1970.

Lewis again writes about the conflict between good and evil but in a very different way from the last book. He shows that there is a very definite boundary between good and evil and that evil can not be used to achieve good and vice versa.In this book, the ends do not justify the means.

Peter, Susan, Edmund, and Lucy play a big part in this book, also, but I won’t go into too much detail about their characters since I did that in my last review. Instead, I’ll focus on the new characters.

Prince Caspian is the most important character in this book. He is the heir to the throne but has been stopped form claiming his rightful rile by his evil uncle Miraz. Caspian loved stories about old Narnia but Miraz has prevented people from talking about them. Caspian flees the palace in search of the last of the old Narnians.

Trumpkin is  a dwarf who plays a major role in this story. He helps Caspian regain his rightful crown. he refuses to work with any dark creatures like hags and he doesn’t believe that Aslan, Peter, Susan, Edmund, and Lucy existed.Even though he is skeptical about the old tales, he agrees to go to see if help has come when the magic horn is blown. This is the first time we see how loyal he is.

Doctor Cornelius was Caspian’s tutor when he lived at the castle. he was the one who helped Caspian escape. Later he rejoins Caspian in the Black Woods. Some of the Dwarfs are disgusted with him for being a half and halfer, meaning half man and half dwarf, but Trumpkin defends him saying, “He can’t help his ancestry.”

This story is again set in Narnia but it is a very different Narnia from the one we encounter in the first book. One thousand two hundred and eighty-eight years in Narnia have passed in the space of one Earth year. The Telamarines have taken over and they have forced all of the old Narnians into hiding. Caspian and the Penvesies aid the old Narnians in a revolution to put Caspian onto the throne.

The climax of this story is when Caspian’s uncle Miraz and Peter, who represents Caspian, engage in a sword fight. Whoever wins would gain control of Narnia.

I enjoyed this book because Lewis was able to bring back some characters for a new adventure in Narnia. What’s really great about that is the fact that the Penvensie’s weren’t the main characters of the story. Prince Caspian, or even Trumpkin, took the foreground. I would definitely reccomend this book.

The Lion, the Witch, and the Wardrobe

A few weeks ago  I read The Lion, the Witch, and the Wardrobe by C. S. Lewis, published by Collier Books in 1970.

Lewis writes about the conflict between good and evil. He makes it clear that although evil can seem to be winning for long periods of time, in the end, it’s good that always comes out on top. The four Penvensie children learn this through the magical world of Narnia.

The Penvensie children are Peter, Susan, Edmund, and Lucy. Peter is the eldest. He has read lots of books so he knows what to trust and what not to trust. He isn’t always nice to his brother, Edmund, though and that is part of the reason Edmund goes to the White Witch.

Susan is the eldest girl. She is very mature and responsible but she is sometimes a little too timid.

Edmund Penvensie is the next to youngest. He isn’t easy to get along with. he is always fighting with Peter or making fun of Lucy to make himself feel big.

Lucy is the very youngest Penvensie. She is the one who first discovers Narnia through the wardrobe. She makes friends with Mr. Tumnus and feels like it is all her fault when he is kidnapped. She is the most tenderhearted of the four.

The four children stumbled into Narnia while trying to avoid the housekeeper, Mrs. Macready. Narnia is a world of magical creatures and talking beasts. The White Witch rules and under her rule it is always winter and never Christmas. She is always on the lookout for Sons of Adam and Daughters of Eve, that is humans, because they are the rightful rulers of Narnia and she doesn’t want to have to give up her crown.

The climax of the story is when Aslan agrees to be killed by the White Witch. This is important because Aslan is basically the force behind the revolution. Without him, all of the animals and creatures in Narnia would be lost.

I like this book because though technically it is a children’s book, it has a very deep message. Lewis once and for all proves that good will always eventually triumph over evil.